1953 | Santa Monica, USA.
American musician, software engineer and inventor, most well known for his project The Music Animation Machine, animated graphical scores of music, Stephen Malinowski received a degree in music theory and composition at the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1981. He worked as a software engineer from 1984-2001, and as a DSP engineer (designing psychoacoustically inspired audio processing algorithms) between 2001 and 2010.
His work with graphical scores began in 1970s after an hallucinogenic experience while listening to (and studying the scores of) J. S. Bach; his first computer-animated score was produced in 1985.
Malinowski began publishing his animated graphical scores in 1990 at the urging of information display specialist Edward Tufte. Since 2005, these scores have been on the YouTube channels smalin and musanim, where they have received over 140 million views. They won a 2015 Kantar Information is Beautiful award, and were included in Björk's Biophilia, the first software app to be inlcuded in the permanent collection of the New York Museum of Modern Art.